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Nursery

Communication & Language

  • Listen to stories & sounds (Phase 1 and 2 Phonics)
  • Developing listening and attention
  • Understand and develop vocabulary
  • Begin to understand,answer and use questions
  • Learn new words and use them in communicating

Reading

  • Recognise familiar logos and own name
  • Develop interest in songs and rhymes
  • Develop favourite stories and look at books (increasing range)
  • Fill in missing words in familiar rhymes
  • Join in with repeating phrases and refrains
  • Rhythmic & rhyming activities

Writing

  • Distinguishing between marks they make, giving meaning to them (including painting and drawing)
  • Holds pencil with thumb & two fingers (physical development)
  • Develop finger strength & wrist mobility (physical development)
Reception

Communication & Language

  • Extend vocabulary and explore the meaning of sounds and new words
  • Use language to recreate roles & experiences
  • Use talk to organise, sequence and clarify thinking ideas, feelings & events
  • Develop own narratives
  • Answer a range of questions in response to stories and events

Reading

  • Learn and apply the phonemes from phase 2 & 3 phonics
  • Awareness of story structure, describing main events, story settings & characters
  • Read print from left to right
  • Continue a rhyming string
  • Hear & say initial sounds in words
  • Segment & blend simple words
  • Begin to read words & simple sentences
  • Begin to have an understanding of non-fiction texts
  • Decode regular words and read irregular words
  • Read and understand simple sentences

Writing

  • Participate in Dough Disco and Squiggle whilst you Wiggle sessions
  • Show a preference for a dominant hand
  • Hold pencil with tripod grip with good control
  • Learn and apply the phonemes from phase 2 & 3 phonics
  • Link sounds to letters
  • Write clearly identifiable letters
  • Write own name and captions
  • Write irregular common words
  • Write simple sentences that can be read by themselves or others

 

Y1

Reading

  • Apply phonic knowledge & skills as the route to decode words.
  • Respond speedily with the correct sound to graphemes.
  • Read accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words.
  • Read the year 1 common exception words.
  • Read words containing taught GPCs - -s, -es, -ing, -ed, -er, -est endings.
  • Read words of more than one syllable.
  • Read words with contractions.
  • Read books aloud which are consistent with their developing phonic knowledge.
  • Read books aloud to build up fluency & confidence.
  • Listen to and discuss a range of poems, stories & non-fiction.
  • Link what is read to own experiences.
  • Become familiar with key stories, fairy stories & traditional tales.
  • Recognise and join in with predictable phrases.
  • Learn to appreciate rhyme & poems.
  • Discuss word meanings.
  • Draw on what they already know or on background information provided by the teacher.
  • Check that the text makes sense to them.
  • Discuss the significance of title & events.
  • Make inferences.
  • Prediction.
  • Explain clearly their understanding of what is read.

Writing

  • Spell words containing 40+ phonemes already taught.
  • Spell days of the week.
  • Name letters of the alphabet.
  • Become familiar with prefixes & suffixes - s, es, un, ed, er, est.
  • Know simple spelling rules.
  • Write sentences dictated by the teacher.
  • Write sentences by saying out loud what they are going to write about.
  • Compose a sentence orally.
  • Sequence sentences by forming short narratives.
  • Re-read to check it makes sense.
  • Sit correctly at a table, holding pencil comfortably.
  • Begin to form lower case letters correctly.
  • Form capital letters.
  • Form digits 0-9.
  • Understand which letters belong to which handwriting families.
Y2

Reading

  • Listen to and discuss poems, stories and non-fiction texts
  • Read books fluently at their phonic level
  • Apply own phonic knowledge to decode words
  • Read common exception words
  • Read words with suffixes
  • Read words of more than one syllable
  • Read contracted words
  • Re-read texts to build fluency - check that texts make sense
  • Answer questions and make inferences
  • Predict what happens next based on what they've read

Writing

  • Write sentences with different forms (questions, statements, exclamations, commands)
  • Write expanded noun phrases
  • Use present & past tense correctly
  • Use Conjunctions (subordinating/co-ordinating)
  • Using punctuation correctly (full stops, exclamation marks, question marks, commas, apostrophes)
  • Write narratives
  • Write about real events
  • Write poetry
  • Write for different purposes
  • Create a plan before writing
  • Evaluate writing with teacher and peers
  • Re-read writing to check for sense 
  • Proof read spellings

Handwriting

  • Form capitals & lower case letters correctly
  • Join letters with diagonal and horizontal strokes 
  • Use correct/consistent sized letters and digits
  • Use appropriate spacing between words

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